When one attempts to teach that we are the descendants of Hebrews who were brought here on slave ships, we are often met with rejection, especially from the church fraternity. In a previous article, we looked at historical and biblical proof of this lineage.
Below is a 23-minutes video of a Caucasian telling us who we are. You may use this as a crash course, an introductory foundation that you can use to further launch a more detailed biblical and historical study on the matter.
Does It Really Matter Though?
It is typical to hear, “It doesn’t matter.” “It makes no difference.” “Tell me what advantage you have if you are descendant of Israelites?” Then there is the most common response? “I am a Gentile.”
Even many sacred name assemblies refuse to explore this lineage much less teach it. However, today we will look at several reasons why we must teach it.
The Most Important Reason We Must Be Taught Who We Are? Prophecy!
Before I get into the list, I want to look at 2 of the most important reasons we need to be taught truth about who we are. The first and most powerful reason is prophecy.
The entire Bible leads up to prophecy of the gathering of the house of Israel in the last days. If we do not know who these people are, how can we understand these prophecies? The Biblical prophecies of the end time gathering and great tribulation will therefore escape our understanding. Why? If we do not know who will be gathered, how can we understand how they will be gathered?
Indeed, we may even be deceived like many Christians, thinking the Israel prophesied to be gathered are those in the current country of Israel who say they are Jews and are not.
For me, the Bible has come alive since I accepted this truth. So many things have become easier to understand and the pieces of the Bible just keep fitting together so quickly. It is now so much more of a pleasure for me to reread the prophets as I get so much more awesome revelations!
Had I had not looked at my heritage and accepted it, I would not understand why so many things happen to us. I would not understand what the bible means in certain prophecies.
Promise to Abraham
By the way, I would not have understood about the 400 year promise to Abraham’s seed as being only now fulfilling. In Gen 15:13-14, YAHUAH told Abraham his seed will be a stranger in a land that is not their own and they shall be afflicted for 400 years.
I would not know that 2019 is the pivotal year in the fulfillment of this prophecy. The 400 years sojourning that began in 1619 in USA, will end in 2019-2020. I would not understand why the mark of the beast is upon us in 2019-2020.
Let me give a practical example. I would not have understood why at this time the Chinese are arriving from China and taking over my country (and more specifically, the town in which I live). Now I understand why they are buying out the properties in the town and leaving us Hebrews with nothing.
As we see new buildings going up here at rapid rates, it is needless we ask who is building it. We will almost certainly hear the inevitable response: “A Chiney” (It is the Chinese).
Remember this? The stranger shall be the head, and you shall be the tail. This prophecy below is being fulfilled right before our eyes in my town through the Chinese, and there is nothing we can do about it.
Deu 28:43-44 The sojourner who is among you shall rise higher and higher above you, and you shall come down lower and lower. He shall lend to you, and you shall not lend to him. He shall be the head, and you shall be the tail.
We must let people be aware of these developments as it relates to their heritage (as descendants of Israelites). If we match it with the promises written in prophecy, they may just decide to look to the inheritance promised by the Father.
There is so much I did not know nor understand, but now do, just because I accepted who I am and searched scripture with the new acceptance.
What have I learned most of all? I have seen the difference it makes in my understanding of prophecy. Notice how many times I used the words “understand” or “understood” in this chapter? That says it all.
So, we must teach and know who we are, or we will be lost in prophecy. Teach the children the truth and their eyes will open up in light and delivered out of darkness. Then they will understand.
Now what does Daniel say about the wise in the end time?
Dan 12:3 And those who are wise shall shine like the brightness of the sky above; and those who turn many to righteousness, like the stars forever and ever.
Dan 12:10 Many shall purify themselves and make themselves white and be refined, but the wicked shall act wickedly. And none of the wicked shall understand, but those who are wise shall understand.
Teach the people the truth!!!
The Lie of Omission
Another danger of us not looking into this or not teaching it (if we know it is true) is revealed in the common, abominable sin called lying. Most of us are not aware that we lie simply by omitting important details.
Lying by omission is when a person leaves out important information or fails to correct a pre-existing misconception in order to hide the truth from others. Lying by omission is not always intended to be harmful; it is often thought of as an action undertaken to spare the recipient pain or embarrassment.
This is what we do when we omit things from our teaching which we believe to be true. We believe, it does not matter, there is neither Jews nor Gentiles, but one in the Messiah. Therefore, we need not preach this.
But guess what? It is the truth and you are lying by omitting the truth, even if you do it with good intentions! And we must be aware that there are repercussions for hiding the truth, even if it is not immediately obvious to you.
Unfortunately, even if the damage isn‘t immediate, the information omitted will eventually surface. The fallout from this can cause more problems than it would have if the information had been shared immediately, and accountability had been taken by the person sharing it. Source.
The Connection Between Lying By Omission and Our Salvation
Now let us see how powerful an effect it can have on our salvation.
Rev 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, AND ALL LIARS, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.
The importance of this verse in Revelation is that it tells us that ALL liars will be thrown in the lake of fire: they will not inherit the kingdom. What’s more, it didn’t just say “liars,” it said ALL LIARS, which means all forms of lies! The lie of omission is therefore included.
To avoid being liars, pastors who knowingly refuse to explore and teach this to their assemblies must therefore seek out the matter carefully to see if it is so. It is not a choice, we must allow ourselves to be led to seek out all truth! Apostle Sha’ul said it best in very few words:
1 Th 5:21 Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.
Why I Once Thought It Didn’t Matter
I must confess that like most persons in a church or church-like assembly, I also rubbished any Israelite inheritance. It didn’t matter as there is neither Jew nor Greek, we are now one in Messiah. This was the teaching of the assembly that I attended and what I absolutely believed in.
However, after leaving the assembly, through the mercy of the Father, he showed me otherwise. Through signs, dreams that manifested along with a deeper understanding of the word, it was revealed that not only it did matter, but we must preach it to the scattered lost sheep of the house of Israel.
Indeed they are whom the Messiah came for (Mat 15:24), but they do not know who they are (Isa 1:2-3). They must first know who they are, then the message will really, really make sense to them!
By the way, he even sent a prophetess to tell me that I am of Israelite descent. Of course, like most in a church-like assembly, I dismissed it as unimportant. Then after a few revelations, I had to ask myself why did he do this if it doesn’t matter? I also noted that that prophetess had not been proven wrong in any of her many prophecies to me thus far.
So I was shown in many ways, that my heritage forms a big part of what I am tasked to do; to wake up his people in this end time.
Now it is all clear to me. It really does matter who we are, as we now have a responsibility to make right that which our fore parents did wrong (transgressing against the commandments, laws and statutes of the Father).
This we do of course, through faith in Messiah Yahusha. This is what the Bible is about: only about Israel, his people returning to him in righteousness.
Mal 3:7 From the days of your fathers you have turned aside from my statutes and have not kept them. Return to me, and I will return to you, says YAHUAH of hosts. But you say, ‘How shall we return?’
So therefore in this article, I will show at least 17 reasons why I now see that it absolutely does matter who we are. We shall soon see that pastors who do not teach this or at least explore it, are not only lying by omission, but are doing great harm to the good news (gospel). For this we will all be judged as liars.
First though, let us look at the main biblical reason most pastors refuse to teach it.
Neither Jew Nor Greek
This refusal of pastors to look at our heritage is due to several reasons, but we will now look at only one one: the writings of Apostle Sha’ul. He was the one who wrote:
Gal 3:28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Mashiach Yahusha.
That seems to negate the need for us to know who we are. However, Sha’ul is not easily understood as stated in 2 Peter 3:15-16.
Therefore, we have to look beyond that verse to see if Sha’ul preached to Israelites differently from Gentiles.
Php 3:4-7 Though I might also have confidence in the flesh. If any other man thinketh that he hath whereof he might trust in the flesh, I more: Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee;
Concerning zeal, persecuting the set apart assembly; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless. But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Messiah.
Sha’ul was belittling his heritage to show it as trivial to the knowledge of the Messiah. Why? He was protecting the faith of the Nazarenes from those of the Jewish religion who wanted to pull people back into circumcision, and not walk in obedience to the Spirit of the law through faith in the Messiah. This evidence we see from the preceding verses:
Php 3:2-3 Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers, beware of the concision. For we are the circumcision, which worship Yahuah in the spirit, and rejoice in Mashiach Yahusha, and have no confidence in the flesh.
Having confidence in the flesh is different from knowing who you are. A person who knows who he or she is, will not necessarily put confidence in their flesh. Putting it another way: knowing who you are is different from having an inflated ego.
Sha’ul’s Different Messages For Israelites and Gentiles
Now did you know that Sha’ul had different messages for Israelites as opposed to when speaking to the Gentiles? Most of us do not realize this because most of Sha’ul’s writings that we have were addressed to the Gentiles:
Gal 3:28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Mashiach Yahusha.
However, when he spoke to the Israelites, did he tell them it didn’t matter who they were? No, he traced the scriptures and showed them how the Messiah fit in. See Acts 13:16-41.
This is very important as it shows that the message is different to whom it is delivered! There is a different message for Gentiles as opposed to Israelites because the good news means different things to both!
For Israel, he showed how the Messiah fit into scripture for them. They now have the inheritance promised through the prophets through Yahusha the Messiah. The message for Gentiles is that they now have access to Israel’s inheritance (Eph 2:11-22) through Yahusha the Messiah!
Act 17:10-11 And the brethren immediately sent away Paul and Silas by night unto Berea: who coming thither went into the synagogue of the Jews. These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.
The Bereans were Yahudiym (Jews). When Sha’ul preached to them, he showed them where they fit in the scriptures (law and the prophets and writings). The Bereans then searched the scripture and found that the Messiah was indeed the one prophesied to save them! So what happened after this process?
Act 17:12 Therefore many of them believed; also of honourable women which were Greeks, and of men, not a few.
They believed because they saw how the scripture pertained to them and therefore was fulfilled through the Messiah. Truth unveils truth and brings forth fruits unto salvation.
That is what we must do: show our Hebrew brothers and sisters who they are and how they truly fit into scripture. Tell them it is highly likely that they are descendants of Israelites. That way they can accept or reject their inheritance, but in the end, we did what we had to do: we gave them truth. Remember, we make ourselves liars if we omit truth.
What Sha’ul did to the Bereans is the same thing I believe we need to do. Importantly, it should not be endless genealogy for the sake of arguments or strife (1 Tim 1:4), but rather just to identify who we are for the sake of awareness and edification. Identifying who we are is not endless genealogy!
This will allow us to be aware of where we stand in YAHUAH’S plans and promises. This sounds simple, but from personal experience, it makes a world of difference.
17 REASONS WHY WE MUST KNOW WHO WE ARE
So now is a good time to look at why it is absolutely important to know who we are. We will look at 17 reasons why it is important.
1. We Must Speak Truth
The onus on us is to speak the truth. We cannot be keeping ourselves and others in darkness and deception. As the Messiah said:
Mat 10:27 What I tell you in darkness, that speak ye in light: and what ye hear in the ear, that preach ye upon the housetops.
That means the simplest of truth we receive must be not only be acknowledged, but also preached openly!
2. Lying Is An Abomination
If we refuse to teach the whole truth, we make ourselves to be liars and lying is an abomination unto YHUH:
Pro 12:22 Lying lips are abomination to YHUH: but they that deal truly are his delight.
As I stated before, by omitting truth, we make ourselves to be liars by omission.
3. The Holy Spirit Is The Spirit of Truth
If we say we have the Holy Spirit and do not seek or speak the truth, we make ourselves liars. Why? The Holy Spirit was given to lead us into ALL TRUTH. Not some truth, but all truth!
John 16:13 Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come.
In addition, we were advised to not quench the Spirit (1 Thess 5:19). That means truth must not be stifled.
4. Truth Leads To More Truth
Simply put: truth leads to more truth. When we have been given truth and reject it, we remain stagnant and will be kept at the level of our acceptance of truth. If we refuse to believe truth, the Bible says we will be given a strong delusion to cause us to believe a lie.
2Th 2:10-12 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. And for this cause Elohim shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
So truth is like a ladder. Each truth you accept, you climb up another rung. Reject truth, there is an invisible blockage preventing you from climbing up another rung.
That is why Apostle Sha’ul said:
1 Th 5:19 Quench not the Spirit.
Rejecting truth is also why many so-called believers cannot grow in the faith, and why each church congregation is limited because they only embrace a limited amount of ‘truth’ that their denomination believes in and no more. This is also why most of us are in delusion, led by the enemy to our destruction. We refuse to accept truth outside of religion and are therefore blindly led into a pit.
We must teach the people the truth. Truth begets truth and leads into more truth. Remember, the Messiah is the truth (John 14:6) and there are no lies in him. Don’t sweep the truth under the carpet!
5. As Children of Light, We Should Be Walking In Light
If we say we are children of light (as we are called to be), then we must walk as children of light (speaking truth) and not children of darkness who cover up truth and therefore indirectly speak lies (lying by omission).
Eph 5:8 For ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye light in the Master: walk as children of light:
6. We Are Called To Let Our Light Shine
The Messiah charged us to not hide our light, but let it shine. Therefore, we must not hide truth, but shout it out upon the rooftops!
Mat 5:15-16 Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house. Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.
This is why I could never be led by someone who avoids the truth. I cannot be led by someone who teaches me to omit biblical truth because it is not important. That person has made himself to be a liar.
7. The Entire Bible Is Actually About Us
We have been taught all along that we were Gentiles, 2nd class citizens who have been given a free ticket into the kingdom. Teaching us the truth of who we are has diverse implications.
It makes us see our place in the Bible. It is an awesome feeling to know that you were not rejected, but the bible is actually about you. These are your family that were written about. You do have a history, and a powerful one at that! We will see the spiritual implication of this next.
8. The Importance of Obedience
Knowing that the bible is about us now sends a critical message to us. We will realize that our fore-parents were persecuted for disobedience:
Deu 28:15 But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of YAHUAH thy ELOHIM, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee:
Now we must realize that only obedience can bring us back in covenant with YHWH.
Exo 19:5 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine:
Understanding the importance of obedience will make the truth of the Bible easier to preach. Indeed, we are called to be sheep, not goats (see Mat 25:31-46).
Now let’s see the importance of understanding our heritage as it comes to obedience. We will see that it becomes very revealing and shows up Christianity as a totally false religion that is not for us as Hebrews.
Christianity, the largest religion in the world, essentially teaches us that we do not have to obey the Father (by saying his law is done away with).
The Seventh Day Adventists are not excluded as they do not understand what Apostle Sha’ul said was nailed to the stake. Theirs is a fine example of restricting truth and therefore not being led into higher truth (see #4 Truth leads to more Truth above).
Teaching obedience will show us that his law cannot be done away and lead us in the path of righteousness and holiness.
9. The Prophecies, Promises and Warnings Belong To Us
It is very important to know that the prophecies, promises and even the warnings belong to us. The verses below showed that the Messiah was sent for us, Israelites. It all becomes personal:
Luk 1:68 — Luk 1:79 Blessed be Yahuah Elohim of Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed his people (Israel), And hath raised up an horn of salvation (Yahusha) for us (Israel) in the house of his servant David;
As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began: That we should be saved from our enemies, and from the hand of all that hate us; To perform the mercy promised to our (Israel’s) fathers, and to remember his holy covenant;
The oath which he sware to our (Israel’s) father Abraham, That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our (Israel’s) enemies might serve him without fear (see Gen 15:13-14),
In holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life. And thou, child (Yahusha), shalt be called the prophet of the Highest: for thou shalt go before the face of Yahuah to prepare his ways;
To give knowledge of salvation unto his people (Israel) by the remission of their sins (see Mat 15:24), Through the tender mercy of our Elohim; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us (Israel),
To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our (Israel’s) feet into the way of peace.
So we see the primary reason for the Messiah is to redeem us, the lost sheep of the house of Israel, which is why the Messiah declared:
Mat 15:24 He answered, “I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.”
Because we know the prophecies, warnings and promises belong to us, then it will show us what we need to do to inherit the kingdom.
If we think they do not belong to us, then we may be tempted to go the route of some Christians in saying: “that is not for us, that is for Israel.” When we see that we are Israel, it takes on an entirely different twist!
10. The Bible Will Take On New Meaning
For me, an understanding of who I am has made the Bible take on new meaning. I reread whole chapters that had little or no meaning to me. Now they have come to life.
It has also become a sort of love story for me. The harsh punishment contrasted with the forgiveness and wonderful promises, the mighty hand and the stretched out arm, reveal a love for me that is beyond understanding. It has suddenly become personal in a way that was not felt while considering myself a gentile.
11. Showing Up False Doctrines
Because we don’t know who we are, we are easily swept away with the many false doctrines out there. When we know who we are, the Bible becomes easier to understand and false doctrines stick out like a sore thumb.
That is why it is not in the best interest of Christian leaders to let their followers know who they are. It will show up the Greco-Roman teaching of Christianity as being false. The tithes and offerings would eventually disappear. Why? The set apart house of Israel and Christianity do not blend too well at all.
12. Free Us From The Bondage of Christianity
Almost all Christians do not know that Christianity is a lie: spiritual Egypt that has us in bondage to the church leaders (Pharaohs).
Knowing who we are may just free us from the bondage of the false religion that is leading millions of Israelite children through the wide gate of destruction.
I am not a racist, but one of the greatest injustices is the creation of the white Jesus Christ and forcing it on negroes (through slavery). This white Jesus image was none other than the painted image of Cesar Borgia, the son of a Pope.
Jesus was worshiped and of course, since we have an image, it is natural for man to attach that image to worship. That makes us idolaters.
Eze 14:3 Son of man, these men have set up their idols in their heart, and put the stumblingblock of their iniquity before their face: should I be enquired of at all by them?
By teaching that the people of the Bible (our people) were negroes, it will go a far way in removing this white supremacy and idolatry.
15. Self Hate
For centuries, ever since our fore-parents were captured, we have been made to feel that as a people, we are nothing. We are ugly and inferior and other races (especially whites) are superior.
As such, society teaches us to hate ourselves from the beginning. It is manifested in what we call self-love, which shows up in ways such as skin bleaching, which has become an epidemic here in Jamaica and indeed worldwide.
If we let our people know (on a massive scale) that they had so much value that the Most High loved them above every nation on the earth, we just may see more people valuing their natural negroid appearance.
We just may see people being happy with who they are…comfortable in their own skin. Of course, this has other far reaching, positive implications.
16. There Are People Searching: If Not Given Absolute Truth, They May Believe A Lie
There are many people who instinctively know there is something wrong with Christianity. They know it is not for them. Many of these people gravitate to other faiths that take them away from the Messiah Yahusha.
A few days ago I was witnessing to a taxi driver who told me he “found no joy in Christianity.” He said: “suppen no right” (something is not right). He went on to say: “that is why I went to Rastafari.”
When I went on to expound on his likely heritage, he was astounded, saying over and over: “it makes sense.” He left wanting to hear more, but had to continue his work.
Now if this was widely known and taught, chances are he would not have gone off to another religion. Chances are, many more persons would be followers of Yahusha.
Rastafarians simply realize that the European religion of Christianity is not theirs, so they came up with something that more suited them as Jamaicans. There are many others who reject faith all entirely and stray into Egypt, going back to worship of Egyptian deities.
When I shared a video about our heritage with one such person who has gone into Egypt, this is the response I got: “Seeing it the first time. Very interesting thing here.”
Sounds simple, but I hope you get the picture. People are lost and are searching. If they are not fed absolute truth, chances are they will gravitate to a lie.
17. The Enemy Knows Who We Are
The prophecy in Isaiah was for us to not know who we are as punishment for the rebellion of our fore-fathers:
Isa 1:2-13 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth; for YAHUAH has spoken: “Children have I reared and brought up, but they have rebelled against me. The ox knows its owner, and the donkey its master’s crib, but Israel does not know, my people do not understand.”
Guess what? The enemy (agents of Satan) knows who we are. Yes, those who have enslaved us and kept us under bondage for almost 400 years know who we are.
It is wickedness for us in these last days to be hiding or not exploring who we are and tell others. When we know, we will be able to come into the light and figure out the enemy’s devices and the darkness he has had us in for centuries. In other words, we will be brought into truth and out of the deception of the enemy.
You keeping us blind? You are doing the enemies will and partake of deceiving your people! No wonder churches are ‘in bed’ with the state. The church is just one of Satan’s tool of deception.
CONCLUSION: WHY HEBREWS MUST BE TAUGHT WHO WE ARE
So we just saw 17 reasons why we must be taught who we are. If we do not teach our heritage, we make ourselves out to be liars and do even more harm than good. This is so if we either not explore it, or know about it and keep it away from others.
Dangers of Knowing Who We Are
The danger in telling people they are Israelite descendants of course, is the entitlement mentality. There is always the threat of persons thinking they can inherit the kingdom simply because of who they are. Others believe they can just turn to law keeping because of their heritage and will be saved.
We see these dangers manifested in several Hebrew Israelite groups today. Some are overzealous, unconverted persons of knowledge who do not manifest the Spirit of the Messiah. Like Sha’ul was trying to avoid, they put all confidence in the flesh (their heritage) and put the Messiah aside, often just as a token.
What’s more, we also have the danger of us getting selfish and now want to lock others out (other races). We must remember, that from in the law and the prophets, provision was made for strangers to add themselves to Israel (Exo 12:49, Isaiah 56:6-8).
We Must Preach Salvation By Favour Through Belief In Yahusha HaMashiach
The lesson from this? Messiah has to be taught to be the only way (John 14:6) and that we must abide in him (John 15:4-6, 1 John 2:6) in order to inherit the kingdom.
So the onus on us is to now preach the Hebrew Messiah Yahusha HaMashiach to them. This is a brilliant opportunity to bring them into obedience to Yahuah through faith in Yahusha.
This is because most who come into knowledge of who they are usually dump the false Messiah Jesus Christ and follow the true Messiah Yahusha HaMashiach.
We must preach that it is by favour (grace) that we are saved through belief (faith). We must preach that our salvation let’s us abide in the Messiah Yahusha, walking as he walked, in obedience to his Father’s commandments and laws. That is the only way we will endure to the end and be saved.
Rev 14:12 Here is a call for the endurance of the saints, those who keep the commandments of Yahuah and their faith in Yahusha.
Walk In Truth!
But you may say: “that is what we are preaching (salvation through grace by faith in the Messiah).”
Take it from one who has gone through the experience: it is way different hearing about salvation if I know who I am, from preaching to me who have no clue who I am or where I stand according to what is written in the Bible.
So let us walk in truth: let us teach truth and edify others. Let us not omit truth and make ourselves liars, for we know no liar shall inherit the kingdom.
Rev 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.
Chazaq is a follower of the way (John 14:6): a disciple of Yahusha HaMashiach, dedicated to highlighting the deception of Judeo Christian religions and seeking, finding and sharing the biblical word of truth."Get back to the old path, which is the good way, and you shall find rest for your souls."